Educational Program Policy


Research accentuates that quality programs significantly influences children’s growth and development. We have the opportunity to construct a supportive learning environment and program, with inspirations from the children and families. This contribution can encourage the children to feel a sense of control over their actions, interactions, to explore, be curious and explore their understanding of themselves others and the world around them.


We aim to enhance children’s learning and development through the pedagogical practices of educators and families in a positive learning environment, which is promoted across the five learning outcomes from Early Years Learning Framework. Educators will gather and interpret information about children as individuals to inform the preparation of the environment and implement experiences that are engaging and meaningful.


This policy applies to children, families, staff, and management of the Service.


Under the National Law and National Regulations, approved family day care services are required to base their educational program on an approved learning framework. The program should focus on addressing the developmental needs, interests and experiences of each child, while considering the individual differences of each child.

There are two nationally approved learning frameworks in Victoria which outline practices that support and promote children’s learning:

There are also two approved learning frameworks specific to Victoria

Victorian Early Years Learning and Development Framework


The approved learning frameworks included principles, practices and learning outcomes that guide educational leader and educators in their curriculum decision making, and assist them in planning, delivering and evaluating quality programs in early childhood settings.


  • Each child’s learning will be based on their interests and strengths and guided by educators.
  • Educators must work in collaboration with families to provide relevant learning experiences for each child, based on their interests and family experiences.
  • Every child will be equally valued. Their achievements & learning will be celebrated.
  • Educators will observe and record the strengths and learning of each child.
  • Educators will work closely with children and families to produce ideas for the curriculum.
  • Learning Outcomes will be linked to the curriculum during and after each child’s learning has occurred.
  • The curriculum will be constructed on the children’s interests, educators extending children’s interests, spontaneous experiences and family contribution.
  • Where appropriate, the service will liaise with external agencies and support persons to best educate and care for children with additional needs.
  • Where appropriate, the curriculum (play and learning experiences) will build and develop each child’s Learning Stories, Portfolio and Observations of each child’s strengths and development.
  • The curriculum will be evaluated and reflected upon continuously by educators




Program The educational program enhances each child’s learning and development


Approved learning framework Curriculum decision-making contributes to each child’s learning and development outcomes in relation to their identity, connection with community, wellbeing, confidence as learners and effectiveness as communicators.


Child-centred Each child’s current knowledge, strengths, ideas, culture, abilities and interests are the foundation of the program.


Program learning opportunities All aspects of the program, including routines, are organised in ways that maximise opportunities for each child’s learning.


Practice Educators facilitate and extend each child’s learning and development.


Intentional teaching Educators are deliberate, purposeful, and thoughtful in their decisions and actions.


Responsive teaching
and scaffolding
Educators respond to children’s ideas and play and extend children’s learning through open-ended questions, interactions and feedback


Child directed learning Each child’s agency is promoted, enabling them to make choices and decisions that influence events and their world.


Assessment and planning Educators and co-ordinators take a planned and reflective approach to implementing the program for each child.


Assessment and
planning cycle
Each child’s learning and development is assessed or evaluated as part of an ongoing cycle of observation, analysing learning, documentation, planning, implementation and reflection.


Critical reflection Critical reflection on children’s learning and development, both as individuals and in groups, drives program planning and implementation.


Information for families Families are informed about the program and their child’s progress.




Educational programs


Documenting of child assessments or evaluations for delivery of educational program


Information about educational program to be kept available


Information about educational program to be given to parents


Education and care service must have policies and procedures


Declared approved learning frameworks


  • Ensure that a suitable program based on an approved learning framework is delivered to all children
  • Ensure all Educators work as a team in preparing and/or implementing the curriculum which collaborates with the Service philosophy
  • Ensure modifications are made in the environment for children with special needs. Management will make appropriate, professional referrals where necessary with family permission
  • Ensure a conscious balance between indoor and outdoor experiences is planned for with large blocks of unstructured time for child-initiated play
  • Communicate with families on a regular basis
  • Ensure each child is acknowledged for their uniqueness in a positive way
  • Support children’s efforts, assisting and encouraging as appropriate
  • Be consistently aware of and responsive to children who may require additional support, assistance or attention, noticing and listening carefully to children’s concerns and discussing diverse perspectives on issues of inclusion and exclusion and fair and unfair behaviour.
  • Ensure the educational program is displayed in a place that is accessible to parents and families.
  • Ensure a copy of the program is available at all times at the family day care residence or venue


  • Implement an ongoing cycle of planning, documenting and evaluating children’s learning which will underpin the educational program and involves educators in critically thinking about what is obtainable and why.
  • Document children’s experiences and their responses to the environment making children’s learning visible to children, educators and families and promotes shared learning and collaboration.
  • Provide experiences that include both structured and unstructured learning times catering for children’s individual needs, interests and are age appropriate.
  • Ensure materials and equipment reflect the cultural diversity that exists in our society
  • Respond to children’s ideas and play and use intentional teaching to scaffold and extend each child’s learning
  • Provide experiences that actively promote and initiate the investigation of ideas, complex concepts and thinking, reasoning and hypothesising
  • Gather information from families upon enrolment regarding the child’s needs, interest and family backgrounds. This information is treated as confidential and allows Educators to provide experiences that interest and extend children’s current development. We feel that it is important to develop a partnership between parents and Educators to ensure that consistency between home and the Service occurs and that the best possible care is provided
  • Make sure the child’s participation in the program in available for families
  • Ensure families receive a copy of children’s learning progress
  • Explore ideas and theories using imagination, creativity and play, during large blocks of uninterrupted time.
  • Use the learning outcomes to guide their planning for children’s learning.
  • Intentionally scaffold children’s understanding and learning
  • Make use of spontaneous ‘teachable moments’ to extend children’s learning
  • Respond to children’s displays of learning dispositions by commenting on them and providing encouragement and additional ideas
  • View children as active participants and decision makers, working with each child’s unique qualities and abilities
  • Further extend critical thinking skills through provocations
  • Plan realistic curriculum goals for children based on observation and assessment of individual needs and interests.
  • Seek opportunities within the routine for spontaneous play
  • Ensure that all children’s experiences are recognised and valued with equitable access to resources and opportunities to demonstrate their learning.
  • Use a variety of methods to assist their reflection on children’s experiences, thinking and learning
  • Ensure critical reflection clearly exams all aspects of events and experiences from different perspectives, identifying children’s learning, spontaneous play, teaching strategies and changes that may be needed in the environment.

The program will provide a variety of developmentally appropriate experiences and materials that are selected to achieve the following goals:

  • Foster positive self-concept
  • Develop social skills
  • Encourage children to think, reason, question and experiment
  • Encourage language development
  • Enhance physical development and skills
  • Encourage and demonstrate sound health, safety and nutritional practices
  • Encourage creative expression
  • Respect cultural diversity of staff and children
  • Respect gender diversity
Victoria: the Victorian Early Years Learning and Development Framework

Australian Children’s Education & Care Quality Authority.

Guide to the Education and Care Services National Law and the Education and Care Services National Regulations

ECA Code of Ethics.

Guide to the National Quality Standard.

Frith, John Dr & Kambouris, Nita & O’Grady, Onagh & University of New South Wales. School of Public Health and Community Medicine (2003). Health & safety in children’s centres: model policies & practices (2nd ed). School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales on behalf of the Australian Early Childhood Association (NSW Branch), and the NSW Children’s Services Health and Safety Committee, [Sydney]

Tansey, Sonja. (2005, September 2005). Supervision in Children’s Services. Putting Children First, the Newsletter of the National Childcare Accreditation Council (NCAC) Issue 15, p. 8-11.

Programming with the Early Years Learning Framework (2014)

Program and Planning in Early Childhood Settings 5th Edition (2012)

Revised National Quality Standard



July 2019


July 2020

MODIFICATIONS Policy created for Family Day Care Services, inclusive of changes to the National Quality Standards and Education and Care National Regulations

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